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Upright microscope

Company: Andor
Catalog#: BX51
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Morphological Analysis of Dopaminergic Neurons with Age Using Caenorhabditis elegans GFP Reporter Strains
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Date:
2018-05-05
[Abstract]  This protocol describes how to quantify different morphological defects as observed in the dopaminergic neurons using C. elegans GFP reporter strains with age. [摘要]  该协议描述了如何量化使用C在多巴胺能神经元中观察到的不同形态学缺陷。 线虫绿色荧光蛋白报告菌株与年龄。

Adhesion of Enteroaggregative E. coli Strains to HEK293 Cells
Author:
Date:
2018-04-20
[Abstract]  Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a recognized cause of acute diarrhea among both children and adults worldwide. EAEC strains are characterized by the presence of aggregative adherence fimbriae (AAF), which play a key role in pathogenesis by mediating attachment to the intestinal mucosa and by triggering host inflammatory responses. The aggregative adherence fimbria II (AAF/II) is the most important adherence factor of EAEC prototype strain 042 (EAEC042) to intestinal cells. Multiple receptors for AAF/II on epithelial cells have been identified including the transmembrane signaling mucin Muc1. This protocol describes a method to measure adherence of EAEC strains to HEK293 cells expressing the Muc1 glycoprotein. [摘要]  肠道集聚性大肠杆菌(EAEC)是全球儿童和成人急性腹泻的公认原因。 EAEC菌株的特征在于存在聚集粘附菌毛(AAF),其通过介导与肠粘膜的附着和通过引发宿主炎症反应而在发病机制中起关键作用。 聚合粘附菌毛II(AAF / II)是EAEC原型菌株042(EAEC042)对肠细胞最重要的粘附因子。 已经鉴定了上皮细胞上AAF / II的多种受体,包括跨膜信号传导粘蛋白Muc1。 该协议描述了测量EAEC菌株对表达Muc1糖蛋白的HEK293细胞的依从性的方法。

【背景】EAEC是世界范围内地方性和流行性腹泻病的重要原因。尽管发展中国家儿童腹泻最常见,但EAEC还与免疫受损成人腹泻,旅行者和工业化国家的食源性疾病有关,例如由志贺毒素(Stx)2a型产生的大致致命爆发2011年在北欧的血清型O104:H4的EAEC菌株(Harrington等人,2006; Rasko等人,2011)。 EAEC发病机制由生物体粘附肠细胞,产生肠毒素和细胞毒素并最终诱导炎症的能力决定(Harrington等,2006)。 EAEC对肠细胞的依从性由AAF菌毛粘附素介导(Czeczulin等人,1997)。迄今为止,已经描述了至少5种AAF菌毛的变体,全部编码在范围为55至65MDa的毒力质粒中(Jonsson等人,2015)。 ...

Dual-sided Voltage-sensitive Dye Imaging of Leech Ganglia
Author:
Date:
2018-03-05
[Abstract]  In this protocol, we introduce an effective method for voltage-sensitive dye (VSD) loading and imaging of leech ganglia as used in Tomina and Wagenaar (2017). Dissection and dye loading procedures are the most critical steps toward successful whole-ganglion VSD imaging. The former entails the removal of the sheath that covers neurons in the segmental ganglion of the leech, which is required for successful dye loading. The latter entails gently flowing a new generation VSD, VF2.1(OMe).H, onto both sides of the ganglion simultaneously using a pair of peristaltic pumps. We expect the described techniques to translate broadly to wide-field VSD imaging in other thin and relatively transparent nervous systems. [摘要]  在这个协议中,我们介绍了一种有效的方法,用于Tomina和Wagenaar(2017)中使用的电压敏感染料(VSD)加载和水蛭神经节成像。 解剖和染料加载程序是成功完成全神经节VSD成像的关键步骤。 前者需要去除覆盖水蛭节段神经节神经元的鞘,这是成功染料加载所需的。 后者需要使用一对蠕动泵同时轻柔地将新一代VSD VF2.1(OMe).H流入神经节的两侧。 我们期望所描述的技术广泛地转化为其他薄且相对透明的神经系统中的宽视场VSD成像。

【背景】双面显微镜是一种宽视野荧光成像系统,由一对精确对准的显微镜组成,用于观察来自对面的神经元制剂并且一次显示不同的焦平面(Tomina and Wagenaar,2017)。通过将该光学系统与新一代电压敏感染料(VSD),VoltageFluor(Miller等人,2012; Woodford等人,2015),荧光可以同时从不同深度的神经元捕获编码具有高保真度膜电压的信号。我们将这种泛神经元记录系统应用于药用水蛭的神经系统,我们利用电生理学方法诱发虚构行为并定量控制可识别神经元的膜电位(Tomina and ...

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