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NuncTM 15mL & 50mL Conical Sterile Polypropylene Centrifuge Tubes

Nunc TM 15mL&50mL圆锥形无菌聚丙烯离心管

Company: Thermo Fisher Scientific
Catalog#: 339652
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HCV Reporter System (Viral Infection-Activated Split-Intein-Mediated Reporter System) for Testing Virus Cell-to-cell Transmission ex-vivo
Author:
Date:
2018-08-05
[Abstract]  Hepatitis C virus (HCV) spread involves two distinct entry pathways: cell-free transmission and cell-to-cell transmission. Cell-to-cell transmission is not only an efficient way for viruses to spread but also an effective method for escaping neutralizing antibodies. We adapted the viral infection-activated split-intein-mediated reporter system (VISI) and developed a straightforward model for Live-cell monitoring of HCV cell-to-cell transmission ex-vivo: co-culture of HCV infected donor cells (red signal) with uninfected recipient cells (green signal) and elimination of the cell-free transmission by adding potent neutralizing antibody AR3A in the supernatant. With this model, the efficiency of cell-to-cell transmission can be evaluated by counting the number of foci designated by ... [摘要]  丙型肝炎病毒(HCV)传播涉及两种不同的进入途径:无细胞传播和细胞间传播。 细胞间传播不仅是病毒传播的有效方式,也是逃避中和抗体的有效方法。 我们采用了病毒感染激活的分裂 - 内含肽介导的报告系统(VISI),并开发了一种直接模型,用于活细胞监测HCV细胞间传递离体:共培养 HCV感染的供体细胞(红色信号)与未感染的受体细胞(绿色信号)和通过在上清液中加入有效的中和抗体AR3A消除无细胞的传递。 利用该模型,可以通过计数受体细胞的绿色信号指定的病灶数来评估细胞间传递的效率。

【背景】越来越多的证据证明病毒可以在受感染的组织中使用不同的传播途径(Sattentau,2008; Zhong et al。,2013)。对于HCV传播,无细胞传播和细胞间传播均可介导肝细胞之间的病毒转移。虽然无细胞传播引发HCV感染,但认为细胞 - 细胞传递直接将HCV转移至相邻的肝细胞。它提供了抵抗中和抗体并有助于病毒持久性的极好方法(Brimacombe et al。,2011; Xiao et al。,2014)。之前的文章也证明了一些促进细胞传递的宿主因子,如清道夫受体BI(SR-BI),CD81,紧密连接蛋白claudin-1(CLDN1),Occludin(OCLN),表皮生长因子受体(EGFR)。 (Witteveldt et al。,2009; ...

Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Assay Using Fluorescent MANT-GDP
Author:
Date:
2018-04-05
[Abstract]  GTPases are molecular switches that cycle between the inactive GDP-bound state and the active GTP-bound state. GTPases exchange nucleotides either by its intrinsic nucleotide exchange or by interaction with guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs). Monitoring the nucleotide exchange in vitro, together with reconstitution of direct interactions with regulatory proteins, provides key insights into how a GTPase is activated. In this protocol, we describe core methods to monitor nucleotide exchange using fluorescent N-Methylanthraniloyl (MANT)-guanine nucleotide. [摘要]  GTP酶是分子开关,在无效GDP结合状态和活性GTP结合状态之间循环。 GTP酶通过其内在的核苷酸交换或通过与鸟嘌呤核苷酸交换因子(GEF)的相互作用来交换核苷酸。 监测体外核苷酸交换,以及与调节蛋白直接相互作用的重构,为GTP酶如何被激活提供了重要见解。 在该协议中,我们描述了使用荧光N-甲基呋喃酰基(MANT) - 鸟嘌呤核苷酸来监测核苷酸交换的核心方法。

【背景】GTPase是鸟嘌呤核苷酸结合蛋白,调节细胞过程的广度,从蛋白质生物合成到细胞周期进展,从细胞骨架重组到膜运输。 GTPases可以被认为是分子开关,它在GDP结合“关闭”状态和GTP结合“开启”状态之间循环;在通过GTP的GDP核苷酸交换结合GTP时,GTP酶变得活跃并且将结合下游效应蛋白以招募和激活这些效应子的生物学功能。 GTP酶通过与开关I环(G2结构域)的高度保守苏氨酸和开关II环(G3结构域)的DxxG基序内的甘氨酸的相互作用结合GTP的γ-磷酸。 GTP水解后,与γ-磷酸相互作用的丧失导致动态构象变化,从而使GTPase变为关闭状态(Vetter and ...

Generation of Chemically Induced Liver Progenitors (CLiPs) from Rat Adult Hepatocytes
Author:
Date:
2018-01-20
[Abstract]  Primary mature hepatocytes (MHs) or their progenitor cells are candidate cell sources for cell transplantation therapy in severe liver diseases. However, stable culture of these cells or generation of equivalent cells from pluripotent stem cells has been limited. Using a cocktail of small molecules that we previously found useful in stable culture of multiple types of stem/progenitor cells, we recently established a novel method to generate bipotent liver progenitor cells, named chemically induced liver progenitors (CLiPs), from adult rat MHs. Here, we describe a detailed protocol for the induction of rat CLiPs. We first describe the method to isolate primary rat MHs and then describe how to induce CLiPs from these MHs. In addition, we describe a method to evaluate the bipotentiality of ... [摘要]  原代成熟肝细胞(MH)或其祖细胞是重症肝病中细胞移植治疗的候选细胞来源。然而,这些细胞的稳定培养或多能干细胞的等效细胞的产生受到限制。我们使用先前在多种类型的干/祖细胞稳定培养中发现有用的小分子混合物,最近建立了一种从成年大鼠MHs产生双能肝脏祖细胞(命名为化学诱导肝祖细胞(CLiPs))的新方法。在这里,我们描述了诱导大鼠CLiPs的详细方案。我们首先描述分离原代鼠MH的方法,然后描述如何从这些MH中诱导CLiPs。另外,我们描述了一种评估产生的CLiPs分化成肝细胞和胆管上皮细胞的双能性的方法。我们还介绍了如何通过长期的文化和详细的示例数据建立稳定的CLiP。可以在2周内产生初级CLiPs,并且可以在2.5-4个月内建立经历10次传代的稳定的CLiPs,批次间变异性。
【背景】对于实现肝病再生医学的新型细胞来源有着强烈的需求。目前唯一的治疗终末期肝病的方法是肝移植,但是由于供者短缺,其应用受到限制。最近,我们小组提出了一种产生能够在体外稳定地扩增的新型LPC的方法,并且可以以广泛的效率重新繁殖慢性肝炎动物模型的损伤肝脏(Katsuda等人, / ...

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