{{'Search' | translate}}
Dimethyl sulfoxide 二甲基亚砜
{{'Company'|translate}}: Sigma-Aldrich
{{'Catalog#'|translate}}: D4540
Other protocol()

Dual-sided Voltage-sensitive Dye Imaging of Leech Ganglia
[Abstract]  In this protocol, we introduce an effective method for voltage-sensitive dye (VSD) loading and imaging of leech ganglia as used in Tomina and Wagenaar (2017). Dissection and dye loading procedures are the most critical steps toward successful whole-ganglion VSD imaging. The former entails the removal of the sheath that covers neurons in the segmental ganglion of the leech, which is required for successful dye loading. The latter entails gently flowing a new generation VSD, VF2.1(OMe).H, onto both sides of the ganglion simultaneously using a pair of peristaltic pumps. We expect the described techniques to translate broadly to wide-field VSD imaging in other thin and relatively transparent nervous systems.

Immunostaining of Formaldehyde-fixed Metaphase Chromosome from Untreated and Aphidicolin-treated DT40 Cells
[Abstract]  During mitosis chromosomes are condensed into dense X-shaped structures that allow for microscopic determination of karyotype as well as inspection of chromosome morphology.

This protocol describes a method to perform immunostaining of formaldehyde-fixed metaphase chromosomes from the avian cell line DT40. It was developed to characterize the localization of YFP-tagged TopBP1 on mitotic chromosomes and specifically determine the percentage of TopBP1 foci that formed on breaks/gaps as well as ends of individual metaphase macrochromosomes (Pedersen et al., 2015). For this purpose immunostaining of YFP was applied. However, the protocol may be optimized for other cell lines or epitopes.

Measurement of FNR-NrdI Interaction by Microscale Thermophoresis (MST)
[Abstract]  This protocol describes how to measure protein-protein interactions by microscale thermophoresis (MST) using the MonolithTM NT.115 instrument (NanoTemper). We have used the protocol to determine the binding affinities between three different flavodoxin reductases (FNRs) and a flavodoxin-like protein, NrdI, from Bacillus cereus (Lofstad et al., 2016). NrdI is essential in the activation of the manganese-bound form of the class Ib ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) system. RNRs, in turn, are the only source of the de novo synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides required for DNA replication and repair in all living organisms.