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QIAquick PCR Purification Kit

Company: QIAGEN
Catalog#: 28104
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Generating Loss-of-function iPSC Lines with Combined CRISPR Indel Formation and Reprogramming from Human Fibroblasts
Author:
Date:
2018-04-05
[Abstract]  For both disease and basic science research, loss-of-function (LOF) mutations are vitally important. Herein, we provide a simple stream-lined protocol for generating LOF iPSC lines that circumvents the technical challenges of traditional gene-editing and cloning of established iPSC lines by combining the introduction of the CRISPR vector concurrently with episomal reprogramming plasmids into fibroblasts. Our experiments have produced nearly even numbers of all 3 genotypes in autosomal genes. In addition, we provide a detailed approach for maintaining and genotyping 96-well plates of iPSC clones. [摘要]  对于疾病和基础科学研究而言,功能丧失(LOF)突变是非常重要的。 在这里,我们提供了一个简单的流线化协议来产生LOF iPSC系列,通过将CRISPR载体与附加型重编程质粒同时引入成纤维细胞,规避了传统基因编辑和已建立的iPSC系的克隆的技术挑战。 我们的实验已经产生了常染色体基因中所有3种基因型的几乎偶数。 此外,我们提供了一个详细的方法来维护和iPSC克隆的96孔板的基因分型。

【背景】CRISPR / Cas9技术允许简单且特异地针对特定基因组位置进行基因编辑。将该技术与诱导性多能干细胞(iPSC)的疾病建模和再生医学潜力相结合将继续对生物医学研究产生前所未有的影响。然而,使CRISPR / Cas9系统适应iPSC已经提出了几个挑战。在细胞系中进行基因编辑的传统方法是用表达Cas9蛋白质的质粒和指导RNA(gRNA)转染细胞,然后产生单克隆并筛选所需的遗传改变。不幸的是,iPSC不适用于单细胞克隆。已经开发了几种补充媒介和克隆方法来克服这一困难,但仍然充满昂贵的设备(低氧培养箱),困难的技术步骤(FACS分选的单个iPSC的存活)或劳动密集型方案(亚克隆)(Forsyth ,2006; Miyaoka ...

In situ Hybridization (ISH) in Preparasitic and Parasitic Stages of the Plant-parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne spp.
Author:
Date:
2018-03-20
[Abstract]  The spatio-temporal expression pattern of a gene provides important indications to better understand its biological function. In situ hybridization (ISH) uses a labeled complementary single-stranded RNA or DNA probe to localize gene transcripts in a whole organism, a whole organ or a section of tissue. We adapted the ISH technique to the plant parasite Meloidogyne spp. (root-knot nematode) to visualize RNAs both in free-living preparasitic juveniles and in parasitic stages settled in the plant tissues. We describe each step of the probe synthesis, digoxigenin (DIG) labeling, nematode extraction from plant tissue, and ISH procedure. [摘要]  基因的时空表达模式为更好地理解其生物学功能提供了重要的指示。 原位杂交(ISH)使用标记的互补单链RNA或DNA探针来定位整个生物体,整个器官或一部分组织中的基因转录物。 我们将ISH技术应用于植物寄生虫

【背景】到目前为止,植物寄生性线虫的稳定转化尚未成功。 ISH能够在整个装载的Meloidogyne spp中分析体内时空基因表达。线虫。这些根结线虫在土壤中以微小蚓状幼虫(J2)形式孵化并感染宿主植物根部。 J2s穿透根部并迁移到根部维管柱状细胞。幼虫定居在根部,发育成J3和J4寄生幼鱼,诱导分化专化饲养细胞。线虫最终发育成梨形雌性,将在根表面释放数百个卵。在这里,我们报告了一个详细的协议来检测准备性整体安装J2s和寄生阶段中的单个RNA分子。寄生虫阶段的ISH需要在感染根部提取线虫前一天采取额外的程序。我们描述了在线虫整个组织中使用地高辛(DIG)标记的cDNA探针检测转录物。

Adapting the Smart-seq2 Protocol for Robust Single Worm RNA-seq
Author:
Date:
2018-02-20
[Abstract]  Most nematodes are small worms that lack enough RNA for regular RNA-seq protocols without pooling hundred to thousand of individuals. We have adapted the Smart-seq2 protocol in order to sequence the transcriptome of an individual worm. While developed for individual Steinernema carpocapsae and Caenorhabditis elegans larvae as well as embryos, the protocol should be adaptable for other nematode species and small invertebrates. In addition, we describe how to analyze the RNA-seq results using the Galaxy online environment. We expect that this method will be useful for the studying gene expression variances of individual nematodes in wild type and mutant backgrounds. [摘要]  大多数线虫是小蠕虫,缺乏足够的RNA用于常规的RNA-seq协议,而没有汇集成千上万的个体。 我们已经调整了Smart-seq2协议来排序单个蠕虫的转录组。 虽然针对Steinernema carpocapsae和Caenorhabditis elegans幼虫以及胚胎开发,但该方案应该适用于其他线虫物种和小无脊椎动物。 另外,我们介绍如何使用Galaxy在线环境分析RNA-seq结果。 我们预计这种方法将有助于研究野生型和突变体背景个体线虫的基因表达差异。

【背景】低输入RNA-seq方案和扩增试剂盒,例如Smart-seq(Takara Bio,USA,Inc)和SuperAmp(Miltenyl Biotec,Inc),已经越来越多地开发和商业化,作为对低输入RNA-基于小组织,单一微生物和单细胞的seq研究。这些研究经常探索并解决特定群体(例如细胞群体,复杂组织或微生物群体)的个体中的异源基因表达。针对微生物(如线虫)的低输入RNA-seq方案的改进和适应将通过允许在单一线虫水平上分析基因表达异质性而极大地有益于线虫领域。在这里,我们已经调整了单细胞RNA-seq方案Smart-seq2(Picelli等人,2013和2014; Trombetta等人,2014),对于单线虫RNA测序。我们成功地在昆虫寄生线虫Steinernema ...

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