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BD FACSAria II

Company: BD
Catalog#: FACSAriaTM II
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3D Co-culture System of Tumor-associated Macrophages and Ovarian Cancer Cells
Author:
Date:
2018-04-20
[Abstract]  Ovarian cancer is fairly unique in that ovarian carcinoma cells can detach and spread directly through peritoneal cavity. It has been unclear, however, how detached cancer cells survive in the peritoneum and form spheroid structure. We have recently reported that there is a strong correlation between Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs)-associated spheroid and clinical pathology of ovarian cancer, and that TAMs promote spheroid formation and tumor growth at early stages of transcoelomic metastasis in orthotopic mouse models. We have established an in vitro spheroid formation assay using a 3D co-culture system in which mouse GFP+F4/80+CD206+ TAMs isolated from spheroids of ovarian cancer-bearing donor tomatolysM-cre mice were mixed with ... [摘要]  卵巢癌相当独特,因为卵巢癌细胞可以通过腹膜腔直接分离和扩散。然而,目前还不清楚癌细胞如何在腹膜中存活并形成球状结构。我们最近报道,肿瘤相关巨噬细胞(TAMs)相关的球状体与卵巢癌的临床病理学之间存在很强的相关性,并且TAMs在原位小鼠模型中促进球体形成和肿瘤生长在转移瘤体转移的早期阶段。我们已经建立了使用3D共培养系统的体外球体形成测定法,其中小鼠GFP + F4 / 80 + CD206 F 从含有卵巢癌的供体番茄lysM-cre小鼠的球状体中分离的TAM与在含有2%基质胶的培养基中的ID8细胞(TAM:ID8比例为1:10)混合并接种到用Matrigel预包被的24孔板上。由于transcoelomic转移也与许多其他癌症,如胰腺癌和结肠癌,TAM介导的球体形成实验将提供一个有用的方法来定义卵巢癌和其他transcoelomic转移癌症的分子机制和治疗目标。

【背景】在美国,卵巢癌(OC)是第二常见的妇科癌症和主要死亡原因(Jemal等人,2009; Siegel等人,2012年) )。 OC预后不良的主要原因是腹腔内和盆腔广泛植入转移,通常手术无法完全切除。对腹膜转移现象最广泛的解释是肿瘤细胞在延伸到腹膜表面后与原发肿瘤分离,并在腹膜内播种之前通过腹膜液输送到整个腹腔。有人提出,转移瘤的转移过程可分为几个步骤:1)细胞脱落,失巢凋亡的存活和抵抗; ...

High Throughput NPY-Venus and Serotonin Secretion Assays for Regulated Exocytosis in Neuroendocrine Cells
Author:
Date:
2018-01-05
[Abstract]  Here we describe two assays to measure dense core vesicle (DCV) exocytosis-mediated cargo secretion in neuroendocrine cells. To conduct siRNA screens for novel genes in regulated DCV exocytosis, we developed a plate reader-based secretion assay using DCV cargo, NPY-Venus, and an orthogonal 3H-serotonin secretion assay. The NPY-Venus secretion assay was successfully used for a high throughput siRNA screen, and the serotonin secretion assay was used to validate hits identified from the screen (Sorensen, 2017; Zhang et al., 2017). [摘要]  在这里我们描述了两种测定方法来测量神经内分泌细胞中的致密核心囊泡(DCV)胞吐作用介导的货物分泌。 为了在受调控的DCV胞吐作用中对新基因进行siRNA筛选,我们开发了使用DCV货物,NPY-金星以及正交3H-血清素分泌测定的基于读板器的分泌测定法。 NPY-金星分泌测定成功地用于高通量siRNA筛选,并且使用血清素分泌测定来验证从筛选中鉴定的命中(Sorensen,2017; Zhang等人,2017)。


【背景】致密核心囊泡(DCV)胞吐作用介导内分泌和神经内分泌细胞分泌蛋白质,肽和小分子。当蛋白质和肽激素被内质网上的核糖体合成时,蛋白质和肽激素进入分泌途径,并在跨高尔基网络(TGN)(Borgonovo等人,2006; Bowman等, >等人,2009)。小分子物质,如5-羟色胺,直接被胞质单胺转运蛋白(VMATs)从细胞质直接吸收到DCV的内腔(Sudhof,2004)。在非刺激条件下,货物分子被储存在靠近质膜的DCV内。当细胞接受增加细胞质Ca ...

Isolation and Separation of Epithelial CD34+ Cancer Stem Cells from Tgfbr2-deficient Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Author:
Date:
2017-09-05
[Abstract]  Most epithelial tumors have been shown to contain cancer stem cells that are potentially the driving force in tumor progression and metastasis (Kreso and Dick, 2014; Nassar and Blanpain, 2016). To study these cells in depth, cell isolation strategies relying on cell surface markers or fluorescent reporters are essential, and the isolation strategies must preserve their viability. The ability to isolate different populations of cells from the bulk of the tumor will continue to deepen our understanding of the biology of cancer stem cells. Here, we report the strategy combining mechanical tumor dissociation, enzymatic treatment and flow cytometry to isolate a pure population of epithelial cancer stem cells from their native microenvironment. This technique can be useful to further ... [摘要]  大多数上皮肿瘤已经显示含有可能是肿瘤进展和转移的驱动力的癌症干细胞(Kreso和Dick,2014; Nassar和Blanpain,2016)。 为了深入研究这些细胞,依赖于细胞表面标志物或荧光报告基因的细胞分离策略是必不可少的,分离策略必须保持其活力。 从大部分肿瘤中分离不同细胞群的能力将继续加深我们对癌症干细胞生物学的认识。 在这里,我们报告了结合机械肿瘤解离,酶处理和流式细胞术的策略,从其天然微环境中分离出纯种群的上皮癌干细胞。 该技术可用于进一步功能性地分析癌症干细胞(RNA测序和表观遗传学分析),在培养物中培养它们或在移植测定中直接使用它们。
【背景】肿瘤复发和转移是大多数与癌症有关的死亡的主要原因。恶性肿瘤可能由干细胞群体启动和维持(Nassar和Blanpain,2016; Bonnet和Dick,1997),这些细胞是预防复发的重要治疗靶点(Baumann et al。,2008)。研究表明,鳞状细胞癌由肿瘤干细胞亚群维持,其抗药性,并通过进行自我更新和分化(如正常干细胞)引发肿瘤复发,产生增殖祖细胞,其分化形成肿瘤大部分(Locke et al。,2005; Prince et al。,2007; Malanchi et al。,2008; de Sousa e Melo et ...

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