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TEMED

TEMED

Company: Carl Roth
Catalog#: 2367
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ARP2/3 Phosphorylation Assay in the Presence of Recombinant Bacterial Effectors
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Date:
2017-04-05
[Abstract]  The Actin-Related Protein 2/3 (ARP2/3) complex is an actin nucleator that generates a branched actin network in mammalian cells. In addition to binding nucleation promoting factors, LeClaire et al. demonstrated that its phosphorylation state is essential key for its activity (LeClaire et al., 2008). In cells, the ARP2/3 complex is phosphorylated on threonine and tyrosine residues of the ARP2, ARP3, and ARPC1 subunits (Vadlamudi et al., 2004; LeClaire et al., 2008; Narayanan et al., 2011; LeClaire et al., 2015). In particular, phosphorylation of threonine 237 and 238 of the ARP2 subunit is necessary to allow a change in the ARP2/3 complex structure to its active conformation (Narayanan et al., 2011; LeClaire et al., ... [摘要]  肌动蛋白相关蛋白2/3(ARP2 / 3)复合物是在哺乳动物细胞中产生支链肌动蛋白网络的肌动蛋白成核剂。除了结合成核促进因子之外,LeClaire等人。证明其磷酸化状态是其活性的关键(LeClaire等人,2008)。在细胞中,ARP2 / 3复合物在ARP2,ARP3和ARPC1亚基的苏氨酸和酪氨酸残基上磷酸化(Vadlamudi等人,2004; LeClaire等人)。 ,2008; Narayanan等人,2011; LeClaire等人,2015)。特别地,ARP2亚基的苏氨酸237和238的磷酸化对于允许将ARP2 / 3复合物结构改变为其活性构象是必要的(Narayanan等人,2011; LeClaire等人al ,2015)。虽然对于真核细胞中的许多功能很重要,但ARP2 / 3复合物活性也有利于多种细胞病原体(Haglund和Welch,2011; Welch和Way,2013)。最近,我们证明细菌病原体,嗜肺军团菌,使用注射在宿主细胞质细胞中的细菌蛋白激酶来操纵ARP2 / 3复合磷酸化状态(Michard等人,2015) )。在这里,我们描述如何测试细菌蛋白激酶或另一种蛋白激酶在体外上下文中磷酸化ARP2 / 3复合物的能力。首先,产生和纯化ARP2 / 3复合物和细菌蛋白激酶。然后,将纯化的蛋白质在ATP存在下培养,并通过Western印迹分析ARP2 / ...

2D Diagonal Redox SDS-PAGE of Proteins
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Date:
2013-06-05
[Abstract]  2D diagonal redox SDS-PAGE of proteins is used to detect intramolecular or intermolecular disulfide bridges using Chlamydomonas in this example (Stroeher and Dietz, 2008; Schwarz et al., 2012). Both dimensions consist of a conventional SDS-PAGE, except that the sample buffer for the first dimension lacks a reducing agent. Intermolecular disulfide bridges increase the apparent molecular weight of a protein in the first dimension, whereas intramolecular bridges decrease the apparent weight of the protein. [摘要]  在该实施例中,使用蛋白质的2D对角线氧化还原SDS-PAGE用于检测分子内或分子间二硫键(Stroeher和Dietz,2008; Schwarz等人,2012) 。 两个维度由常规SDS-PAGE组成,除了第一维的样品缓冲液不含还原剂。 分子间二硫桥在第一维中增加蛋白质的表观分子量,而分子内桥降低蛋白质的表观重量。

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