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Yeast extract

酵母抽提物

Company: BD
Catalog#: 212750
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Conjugation Protocol Optimised for Roseburia inulinivorans and Eubacterium rectale
Author:
Date:
2020-04-05
[Abstract]  Roseburia and Eubacterium species of the human gut microbiota play an important role in the maintaince of human health, partly by producing butyrate, the main energy source of our colonic epithelial cells. However, our knowledge of the biochemistry and physiology of these bacteria has been limited by a lack of genetic manipulation techniques. Conjugative transposons previously introduced into Roseburia species could not be easily modified, greatly limiting their applicability as genetic modification platforms. Modular plasmid shuttle vectors have previously been developed for Clostridium species, which share a taxonomic order with Roseburia and Eubacterium, raising the possibility that these vectors could be used in these organisms. ... [摘要]  [摘要 ] 人体肠道菌群中的玫瑰菌属和真细菌属在维持人类健康中起着重要作用,部分原因是产生丁酸盐,这是我们结肠上皮细胞的主要能源。但是,由于缺乏基因操作技术,我们对这些细菌的生物化学和生理学的认识受到限制。先前引入玫瑰花属物种的共轭转座子不容易被修饰,极大地限制了它们作为基因修饰平台的适用性。MOD ular质粒穿梭载体先前已经开发了用于梭菌物种,其与共享一个分类次序ř oseburia 和真杆菌,提高这些矢量可以在这些生物体中使用的可能性。在这里,我们描述了一种优化缀合协议使得能够自主复制的质粒的从转印大肠杆菌供体菌株为罗斯氏inulinivorans 和真杆菌rectale 。质粒的模块性质及其通过自主复制在受体细菌中得以维持的能力使其成为研究异源基因表达的理想之选,并成为其他遗传工具(包括反义RNA沉默或II 型移动子中断子基因破坏策略)的平台。

[背景 ] 玫瑰菌和真细菌属人类肠道菌群中含量最高的细菌(Zhernakova 等,2016),它们通过利用饮食和宿主衍生的多糖影响人类健康(Scott 等,2006和2011; Cockburn 等) 。,2015 ; 谢里登等人,2016 )并产生促进健康的代谢物丁酸作为发酵终产物(邓肯等人,2002和2006) 。另外,这些物种能够通过鞭毛调节宿主免疫(Neville ...

Self-organization Assay for Min Proteins of Escherichia coli in Micro-droplets Covered with Lipids
Author:
Date:
2020-03-20
[Abstract]  The Min system determines the cell division plane of bacteria. As a cue of spatiotemporal regulation, the Min system uses wave propagation of MinD protein (Min wave). Therefore, the reconstitution of the Min wave in cell-sized closed space will lead to the creation of artificial cells capable of cell division. The Min waves emerge via coupling between the reactions among MinD, MinE, and ATP and the differences in diffusion rate on the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm. Because Min waves appear only under the balanced condition of the reaction-diffusion coupling, special attentions are needed towards several technical points for the reconstitution of Min waves in artificial cells. This protocol describes a technical method for stably generating Min waves in artificial cells. [摘要]  [摘要 ] Min系统确定细菌的细胞分裂平面。作为时空调节的提示,Min系统使用MinD 蛋白的波传播(Min wave)。因此,Min波在细胞大小的封闭空间中的重构将导致能够分裂细胞的人造细胞的产生。闵波出现经由耦合之间反应小号中MinD的,的MinE ,和ATP 和所述differenc ES 在细胞膜上的扩散速度和在细胞质中。因为最小波仅在反应扩散耦合的平衡条件下出现, 特别关注,需要对几个技术要点为闽波在人造细胞重建。该协议描述了一种在人造细胞中稳定产生Min波的技术方法。

[背景 ] 敏系统,它决定了细胞分ER 对称细胞分裂,是在细菌细胞内的组织系统的最显着的例子之一(Rothfield 等人,2005;和罗利特马戈林,2013年)。敏系统使用图案形成在细胞内的时间依赖性蛋白梯度的公知的作为敏波(宽松等人,2008; Halatek和Frey,2012;邦尼等人,2013; Zieske 。等人,2016 ; Kohyama 。等人, 2019 )。Min波是由两种蛋白MinD 和MinE 的反应扩散耦合产生的。通过与ATP结合,MinD 形成二聚体并附着在膜上。的MinE 被招募到的ATP MinD的和诱导ATP酶的活性MinD的。通过MinE ,ATP- MinD 变为ADP- MinD ,并从膜上脱离。ADP- MinD的被转换回ATP- ...

High-throughput Microscopic Analysis of Salmonella Invasion of Host Cells
Author:
Date:
2018-09-20
[Abstract]  Salmonella is a Gram-negative bacterium causing a gastro-enteric disease called salmonellosis. During the first phase of infection, Salmonella uses its flagella to swim near the surface of the epithelial cells and to target specific site of infection. In order to study the selection criteria that determine which host cells are targeted by the pathogen, and to analyze the relation between infecting Salmonella (i.e., cooperation or competition), we have established a high-throughput microscopic assay of HeLa cells sequentially infected with fluorescent bacteria. Using an automated pipeline of image analysis, we quantitatively characterized a multitude of parameters of infected and non-infected cells. Based on this, we established a predictive model that ... [摘要]  沙门氏菌是革兰氏阴性细菌,引起称为沙门氏菌病的胃肠疾病。在感染的第一阶段,沙门氏菌使用其鞭毛在上皮细胞表面附近游泳并靶向特定的感染部位。为了研究确定哪种宿主细胞被病原体靶向的选择标准,并分析感染沙门氏菌( ie ,合作或竞争)之间的关系,我们有建立了对荧光细菌依次感染的HeLa细胞的高通量显微镜检测。使用自动化图像分析管道,我们定量表征了感染和未感染细胞的众多参数。基于此,我们建立了一个预测模型,使我们能够识别宿主细胞易受感染的参数。我们发现宿主细胞易损性有两个来源:病原体诱导的细胞易感性从沙门氏菌摄取中出现并持续存在于感染过程的后期阶段;以及与细胞固有属性相关的宿主细胞固有的脆弱性,例如局部细胞拥挤和胆固醇含量。我们的方法基于形态学或分子宿主细胞参数预测单层上皮细胞中沙门氏菌感染的概率。在这里,我们提供了工作流程的详细描述,包括基于计算机的分析管道。我们的方法有可能应用于研究宿主 - 病原体相互作用的其他组合。

【背景】鼠伤寒沙门氏菌血清型鼠伤寒沙门氏菌通过摄入受污染的食物或水感染宿主,引起沙门氏菌病。一旦细菌到达肠道的远端回肠,它们就会侵入广泛的宿主细胞,包括肠上皮细胞(Watson和Holden,2010)。在宿主细胞入侵的第一阶段,沙门氏菌选择其目标,使用其鞭毛游泳并扫描上皮表面(Misselwitz et ...

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