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DMEM, high glucose, no glutamine, no methionine, no cystine


Company: Thermo Fisher Scientific
Catalog#: 21013024
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Structural Analysis of Target Protein by Substituted Cysteine Accessibility Method
[Abstract]  Substituted Cysteine Accessibility Method (SCAM) is a biochemical approach to investigate the water accessibility or the spatial distance of particular cysteine residues substituted in the target protein. Protein topology and structure can be annotated by labeling with methanethiosulfonate reagents that specifically react with the cysteine residues facing the hydrophilic environment, even within the transmembrane domain. Cysteine crosslinking experiments provide us with information about the distance between two cysteine residues. The combination of these methods enables us to obtain information about the structural changes of the target protein. Here, we describe the detailed protocol for structural analysis using SCAM. [摘要]  取代半胱氨酸可及性方法(SCAM)是一种生物化学方法,用于研究目标蛋白中取代的特定半胱氨酸残基的水可及性或空间距离。蛋白质拓扑和结构可以通过用甲硫代磺酸盐试剂标记来注释,所述甲硫基磺酸盐试剂特异性地与面向亲水环境的半胱氨酸残基反应,甚至在跨膜结构域内。半胱氨酸交联实验为我们提供了关于两个半胱氨酸残基之间距离的信息。这些方法的组合使我们能够获得有关靶蛋白结构变化的信息。在这里,我们描述了使用SCAM进行结构分析的详细协议。

【背景】结构分析提供了关于靶蛋白功能的关键信息。 X射线晶体学和核磁共振已被用作生物学领域中的高分辨率蛋白质结构分析方法。然而,这些方法需要以非常高的浓度从膜中提取的纯化蛋白质用于膜蛋白的结构分析。取代半胱氨酸可及性方法(SCAM)是一种生化方法,用于分析目标蛋白中取代的特定半胱氨酸残基的水可及性和空间距离。使用特异性地与面向亲水环境的半胱氨酸残基反应的甲硫代磺酸盐(MTS)试剂,我们可以注释目标蛋白的拓扑结构和结构。由于标记试剂 N - 生物素氨基乙基甲硫基磺酸盐(MTSEA-生物素)对质膜是不可渗透的(Seal et ...

RNA Cap Methyltransferase Activity Assay
[Abstract]  Methyltransferases that methylate the guanine-N7 position of the mRNA 5’ cap structure are ubiquitous among eukaryotes and commonly encoded by viruses. Here we provide a detailed protocol for the biochemical analysis of RNA cap methyltransferase activity of biological samples. This assay involves incubation of cap-methyltransferase-containing samples with a [32P]G-capped RNA substrate and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) to produce RNAs with N7-methylated caps. The extent of cap methylation is then determined by P1 nuclease digestion, thin-layer chromatography (TLC), and phosphorimaging. The protocol described here includes additional steps for generating the [32P]G-capped RNA substrate and for preparing nuclear and cytoplasmic extracts from mammalian cells. This assay is ... [摘要]  甲基化mRNA 5'帽结构的鸟嘌呤-N7位置的甲基转移酶在真核生物中普遍存在并且通常由病毒编码。这里我们提供生物样品的RNA帽甲基转移酶活性的生化分析的详细方案。该测定包括将含有帽 - 甲基转移酶的样品与[32 P] G-加帽的RNA底物和S-腺苷甲硫氨酸(SAM)温育以产生具有N7-甲基化帽的RNA。然后通过P1核酸酶消化,薄层色谱(TLC)和磷成像确定帽甲基化的程度。此处描述的方案包括用于产生[32 P] G-加帽的RNA底物和用于从哺乳动物细胞制备核和细胞质提取物的附加步骤。该分析也适用于分析其他生物样品(包括重组蛋白制剂和来自分析分离和免疫沉淀/下拉实验的级分)的帽甲基转移酶活性。

【背景】mRNA的5'端的N7-甲基鸟苷帽是适当的真核mRNA加工,定位和翻译所必需的修饰。 ...

Radioactive Pulse-Chase Analysis and Immunoprecipitation
[Abstract]  Labeling of newly-synthesized polypeptides with radioactive amino acids followed by immunoprecipitation allows quantitative analysis of the fate of a given protein in a time-dependent manner. This biochemical approach is usually used to study a variety of processes, such as protein folding, co-translational modifications, intracellular transport, and even its rate of degradation. Here, I describe step by step a simple technique to both label newly-synthesized influenza A virus (IAV) hemagglutinin (HA) with [35S]-methionine and then follow its maturation and transport through the secretory pathway by SDS-PAGE and fluorography (Magadan et al., 2013). [摘要]  用放射性氨基酸标记新合成的多肽,随后免疫沉淀允许以时间依赖性方式定量分析给定蛋白质的命运。 这种生物化学方法通常用于研究各种过程,如蛋白质折叠,共翻译修饰,细胞内转运,甚至其降解速率。 在这里,我逐步描述一个简单的技术,以标记新合成的甲型流感病毒(IAV)血凝素(HA)与[35 S] - 甲硫氨酸,然后跟随其成熟和运输通过分泌 通过SDS-PAGE和荧光成像(Magadan等人,2013)。