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hEGF

hEGF

Company: Sigma-Aldrich
Catalog#: E9644
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Generation of Chemically Induced Liver Progenitors (CLiPs) from Rat Adult Hepatocytes
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Date:
2018-01-20
[Abstract]  Primary mature hepatocytes (MHs) or their progenitor cells are candidate cell sources for cell transplantation therapy in severe liver diseases. However, stable culture of these cells or generation of equivalent cells from pluripotent stem cells has been limited. Using a cocktail of small molecules that we previously found useful in stable culture of multiple types of stem/progenitor cells, we recently established a novel method to generate bipotent liver progenitor cells, named chemically induced liver progenitors (CLiPs), from adult rat MHs. Here, we describe a detailed protocol for the induction of rat CLiPs. We first describe the method to isolate primary rat MHs and then describe how to induce CLiPs from these MHs. In addition, we describe a method to evaluate the bipotentiality of ... [摘要]  原代成熟肝细胞(MH)或其祖细胞是重症肝病中细胞移植治疗的候选细胞来源。然而,这些细胞的稳定培养或多能干细胞的等效细胞的产生受到限制。我们使用先前在多种类型的干/祖细胞稳定培养中发现有用的小分子混合物,最近建立了一种从成年大鼠MHs产生双能肝脏祖细胞(命名为化学诱导肝祖细胞(CLiPs))的新方法。在这里,我们描述了诱导大鼠CLiPs的详细方案。我们首先描述分离原代鼠MH的方法,然后描述如何从这些MH中诱导CLiPs。另外,我们描述了一种评估产生的CLiPs分化成肝细胞和胆管上皮细胞的双能性的方法。我们还介绍了如何通过长期的文化和详细的示例数据建立稳定的CLiP。可以在2周内产生初级CLiPs,并且可以在2.5-4个月内建立经历10次传代的稳定的CLiPs,批次间变异性。
【背景】对于实现肝病再生医学的新型细胞来源有着强烈的需求。目前唯一的治疗终末期肝病的方法是肝移植,但是由于供者短缺,其应用受到限制。最近,我们小组提出了一种产生能够在体外稳定地扩增的新型LPC的方法,并且可以以广泛的效率重新繁殖慢性肝炎动物模型的损伤肝脏(Katsuda等人, / ...

Lentiviral shRNA Screen to Identify Epithelial Integrity Regulating Genes in MCF10A 3D Culture
Author:
Date:
2016-12-05
[Abstract]  MCF10A 3D culture system provides a reductionist model of glandular mammary epithelium which is widely used to study development of glandular architecture, the role of cell polarity and epithelial integrity in control of epithelial cell functions, and mechanisms of breast cancer. Here we describe how to use shRNA screening approach to identify critical cell pathways that couple epithelial structure to individual cell based responses such as cell cycle exit and apoptosis. These studies will help to interrogate genetic changes critical for early breast tumorigenesis. The protocol describes a library of lentiviral shRNA constructs designed to target epithelial integrity and a highly efficient method for lentiviral transduction of suspension MCF10A cultures. Furthermore, protocols are ... [摘要]  MCF10A 3D文化系统提供了腺体乳腺上皮的还原剂模型,其广泛用于研究腺体结构的发育,细胞极性和上皮完整性在上皮细胞功能的控制中的作用以及乳腺癌的机制。在这里我们描述如何使用shRNA筛选方法来识别关键细胞通路,夫妇上皮结构到个别细胞的反应,如细胞周期退出和凋亡。这些研究将有助于询问对早期乳腺肿瘤发生至关重要的遗传变化。该协议描述了设计用于靶向上皮完整性的慢病毒shRNA构建体的文库和用于悬浮MCF10A培养物的慢病毒转导的高效方法。此外,提供的协议设置MCF10A 3D文化在Matrigel的形态和细胞反应研究通过结构化照明和共聚焦显微镜分析免疫染色的三维结构。
关键字: 3D文化,MCF10A,shRNA,上皮完整性,免疫荧光染色,3D成像,形态测量分析

[背景] 上皮细胞形成高度组织的组织结构,其提供物理支持和用于协调细胞信号传导的结构化支架。跨上皮结构的这种协调的信号传导对于上皮生物学是基本的;使得上皮细胞在调节器官大小,形状,功能和基于个体细胞的应答中的动态联合作用(Roignot等人,2013; Shamir和Ewald,2014)。上皮信号传导的联合指挥还提供了一种强有力的肿瘤抑制机制,通过将外部和内部有丝分裂信号门控到静止的上皮组织(Partanen等人,2013; Rejon等人 ...

TGFβ Release Co-culture Assay
Author:
Date:
2014-12-05
[Abstract]  TGFβ is a potent cytokine modulating various processes including proliferation, differentiation, ECM synthesis and apoptosis (Siegel and Massague, 2003). Thus in many tissues availability of TGFβ is tightly regulated. TGFβ is secreted as an inactive complex where it is encapsulated by the latency associated protein (LAP), a ligand trap protein, which inhibits TGFβ binding to its receptor and retains TGFβ in the extracellular matrix (ten Dijke and Arthur, 2007). TGFβ can be released from the matrix and converted into its biological active form by huge number of processes including heat, high and low pH, release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) or various proteases (e.g. plasmin, elastase, matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9) (Barcellos-Hoff and Dix, 1996; Lyons et al., ... [摘要]  TGFβ是调节各种过程包括增殖,分化,ECM合成和凋亡的有效细胞因子(Siegel和Massague,2003)。因此,在许多组织中,TGFβ的可用性受到严格调控。 TGFβ作为无活性复合物分泌,其中其被潜伏相关蛋白(LAP)封闭,LAP是一种配体捕获蛋白,其抑制TGFβ与其受体结合并在细胞外基质中保留TGFβ(十Dijke和Arthur,2007)。 TGFβ可以从基质中释放并通过大量的过程包括热,高和低pH,活性氧(ROS)或各种蛋白酶(例如,纤溶酶,弹性蛋白酶)的释放而转化为其生物活性形式,基质金属蛋白酶-2和-9)(Barcellos-Hoff和Dix,1996; Lyons等人,1988; Taipale等人,1994; Yu和Stamenkovic, 2000)。然而,在生理条件下,αv-类整联蛋白与LAP蛋白中的RGD三肽基序的相互作用代表了体内TGFβ释放的关键因素。具有整联蛋白结合缺陷型LAP蛋白(RGD基序突变为RGE)的小鼠重现了TGFβ1缺失的所有主要表型,进一步强调了整合素介导的TGFβ释放对体内发育和体内平衡的相关性小鼠,包括多器官炎症和血管发生中的缺陷(Shull等人,1992; Yang等人,2007)。这种引人注目的表型与TGFβ缺陷小鼠重叠,缺少αv-类整联蛋白的小鼠的表型(Aluwihare等人,2009; ...

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